The fitness world especially in India, is obsessed with the word “calories”. Go to a trainer, they will tell you to eat 2000 calories per day. Go to a doctor they will tell you don’t think too much about calories, just eat healthy. It’s all too confusing. The ironic thing about calorie is that everyone talks about it, but not one really knows what a calorie really is.
What are calories?
A calorie (say: cal-er-ee) is a measure of how much energy the nutrients protein, carbohydrate, and fat can supply your body. When you eat food, your body uses the food as fuel, burning it to produce energy, or calories.
Protein, Carbohydrates And Fats Are The Three Nutrients That Provide Calories And These Calories Are Used By Our Body For Growth And Repair Our Body Organs And Tissues.
Alcohol also has calories
And yes alcohol also provides calories but it does not contribute to either the growth or maintenance of our body. Now you know why everyone keeps telling you cut down the alcohol intake.
Here is a simple number game
- 1 gram of protein = 4 calories
- I gram of carbohydrate- 4 calories
- 1 gram of fat= 9 calories
- 1 gram of alcohol= 7 calories- stay away…
What is the function of protein
Protein builds and repair body tissues, now you get it why all trainers keep telling you eat more proteins or take protein supplements.
What is the function of carbohydrates
Carbs provide major source of food to the body, think of carbs as the energy tank of your body. Eliminating carbs from your diet is like eliminating power supply from your house. The house may run on an inverter or generator but for how long remains questionable. Carbs are very important for your body- dont underestimate it.
What is the function of fat
Fats provide essential fatty acids and for transporting fat soluble vitamins- don’t eliminate its. They are as important as protein or carbs in your body. With no fat in your body, you will not be able to burn any excessive fat from your body.
What should be the ideal ratio
As per American dietary council your daily intake should be-
- Protein- 50 -70 grams or 12-20% of calorie intake as protein
- Carbohydrate- minimum of 125 grams or 55-65% of calorie intake as carbohydrate
- Fat- 30-40 grams or 25% of calorie intake from fat
If Your Goal Is Fat Loss Burn More Than You Eat And The Equation Reverses If You Want To Put On Weight (Muscle Weight) Not Fat